Tutankhamun is one of pharaohs of the 18th dynasty, as is known in the history of ancient Egypt. He was the pharaoh of Egypt and its ruler from 1334 to 1325 BC during the New Kingdom. Tutankhamun is one of the most famous pharaohs. At first glance, some might think that his fame is due to his achievements or the wars he won (as is the case with many pharaohs). Other reasons are historically important which have made him so famous. The most prominent reason is the discovery of his tomb with all its contents and treasures without any damage. 5,398 items to be exact have been found in the tomb. There is a mystery surrounding circumstances of his death, as many considered that his death was at a very young age. It is also become mysterious when they found fractures in bones of his thigh and skull. Many mysterious events in addition to myth of the curse of Pharaohs associated with the tomb of Tutankhamun have made this young pharaoh the most famous among all ancient Egypt’s rulers. His story and many of mysteries around his death have been used in movies, books and even in video games. With many unanswered questions archeologists have considered his death one of the oldest assassinations in the history of humanity. The young Tutankhamun was buried in his tomb - Cemetery 62 - in the Valley of the Kings.
Tutankhamun was nine years old when he became Pharaoh of Egypt. His name in ancient Egyptian means "the living image of the god Amun" (Amun: the great ancient Egyptian god). Tutankhamun lived in a transitional period in the history of ancient Egypt, as he came after Akhenaten, who called for worship of a single god named Aten. Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered in 1922 in the Valley of the Kings by the British archaeologist Howard Carter.
Tomb of Tutankhamun is now in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo
When Howard Carter discovered the tomb of Tutankhamon , he remarked that it was, "the day of days, the most wonderful that I have ever lived through, and certainly one whose like I can never hope to see again". However, the collection is yet to be completely documented, and it took some ten years for Howard Carter to finish excavating the tomb.
After the tomb's discovery in the Valley of the Kings on November 4th 1922 by Howard Carter, much of the contents were transferred to this great museum. The inner coffin, of three sarcophagi, is made of 450 pounds of solid gold. It is one of the finest examples of the goldsmiths' work of all time. These are some of the only treasures from a Pharaonic tomb as all the others were taken by tomb robbers shortly after their completion. As Tutankhamun is thought to have been murdered at the age of 18, this treasure may have paled to insignificance compared to that of greater Pharaohs. The collection has traveled the world, setting attendance records most anywhere that it may be found. While its current permanent housing is in the basement of the Egyptian museum in Cairo, it will soon be moved to a new down town location.
The collection contains about 1700 piece consists of : Furniture and Boxes - Basic Funeral Equipment - Jewelry and Ornamentation - Statues, Sculptures and Containers - Other Items.
Q-Why is Tutankhamun significant? A-Tutankhamun (sometimes called “King Tut”) was an ancient Egyptian king. He ruled from 1333 BCE until his death in 1323 BCE. His tomb is more significant than his short reign. The discovery of Tutankhamun’s largely intact tomb in 1922 is considered one of the most significant archaeological discoveries in the modern era.
Q-How old was Tutankhamun when he ascended to the throne? A-Tutankhamun was nine years of age when he ascended to the throne after the death of King Akhenaten’s coregent, Smenkhkare. Shortly after his coronation, Tutankhamun was married to Ankhesenpaaton, Akhenaten’s third daughter and (probably) the eldest surviving princess of the royal family. “The boy king” was counseled by two chief advisers, Ay and Horemhebs.
Q-What did Tutankhamun accomplish during his reign?A-Tutankhamun helped restore traditional Egyptian religion and art, both of which had been set aside by his predecessor, Akhenaten. He issued a decree restoring the temples, images, personnel, and privileges of the old gods. He began the protracted process of restoring the sacred shrines of Amon, which had been severely damaged.
Q-How did Tutankhamun die?A- Tutankhamun died at age 19. For many years it was believed that “the boy king” died of an infected broken leg. However, in 2010, scientists found traces of malaria parasites in Tutankhamun’s remains, indicating that malaria, perhaps in combination with degenerative bone disease, may have been the cause of death.
Q-Who discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb?A-Tutankhamun’s tomb was discovered by British archaeologist Howard Carter on November 26, 1922. At the time of Carter’s discovery, Tutankhamun’s tomb was still largely intact. He found a “strange and wonderful medley of extraordinary and beautiful objects” inside. For the next 10 years Carter supervised the removal of the tomb’s contents.