Nile River Valley, Nile River Valley Civilization

According to the official history of a 3rd century BC priest, a king named Menes united the various kingdom of the Nile Valley for the first time under one government around 3100BC, beginning what archaeologists refer to as the Early Dynastic Period (30502686 BC).

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The reliability of this version of history is questionable, but it is generally accepted that several civilizations that had lived and practiced agriculture along the river since the 6th millennia BC were united at this time under the influence of the capital at Memphis. Several centuries later, the strength of this central control and the influence that Memphis held over trade route to the south and northeast to the Levant led to the beginning of the Old Kingdom (2686—2181 BC).

This development was the beginning of nearly three thousand years of history during which thirty successive dynasties would control the Nile Valley, but not always from Memphis.

The power centered on Memphis eventually waned, fractured, and then was reestablished again to begin the Middle Kingdom (2134—1690 BC) when power was based at a capital near modern-day Fayoum. The third period of strong central control, known as the New Kingdom (1549—1069 BC), was center on the southern capital of Thebes.

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Today we still admire the monuments that these great kingdoms constructed. The pyramids near Cairo and many monuments in and around modern Luxor (ancient Thebes) stand out as wonders of the ancient world. These most famous ancient sites were the grand burial sites of the pharaohs that built and rebuilt

Ancient Egypt under their control over the centuries, but the architectural legacy of this powerful ancient civilization was not limited to these sites alone. There were other important cities and religious sites scattered up and down the Nile Valley where the monuments of the pharaohs and great temples of the ancient religion were built and where impressive ruins can still be viewed today.

The Nile Valley Although they are further from the population centers of Cairo and Luxor, these sites are no less impressive or important to the history of Ancient Egypt than the more famous sites at Giza, Karnak, and Luxor and the Valley of the Kings.

They mark the sites of other ancient capitals from which pharaohs once ruled the entire region and the sites of religious cults, where the gods of Ancient Egypt were worshipped from the Early Dynastic Period into the first centuries AD when Christianity gradually replaced the ancient religion as the popular faith of Egypt.

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Karnak temple is divided into three compounds: the precinct of Amun, the precinct of Mut, and the precinct of Montu; however, for most visitors, the precinct of Amun is enough, as it is the largest of these three compounds. The temple’s complicated layout alone dwarfs every other site that you will visit in Egypt. It is surely an enormous ancient temple.

The precinct of Amun contains all of the most famous sections of the Karnak complex, including the dizzying Great Hypostyle Hall. This hall that consists of 134 massive columns is one of the most impressive places in all of Egypt. Going into a detailed description of the different elements that make up the complex is a near endless.

Like all of the major sights in Egypt, especially the Giza pyramids, Karnak has a sound and light show that is offered in several different languages. The show takes place 3 times a night, but you should consult your tour guide or your hotel about the languages of the various showings.


This amazing city has been given the nickname, “the world’s greatest open-air museum”. This is thanks to the ancient pharaohs’ efforts to immortalize themselves. They built those enormous buildings to show off their power and authority. Both sides of the Nile are covered in the remains of temples and funerary complexes of the ancient civilization of Egypt. The modern city was built up right along with these ruins. It creates an interesting mix of old and new that can only be found in Luxor. This is most evident in the areas of Luxor Temple and Karnak Temple Complexes. Their ancient stone architecture sits next to sleek modern construction, creating a beautiful contrast.

Additionally, the area around Luxor and the opposite bank of the river are dotted with a wealth of other temples and tombs. It would take several days to explore all of the archeological sites in the area. At each site sits a wealth of knowledge about the ancient Egyptian world and heritage.

The Valley of the Kings:

Located on the west bank of the Nile River near Luxor, is the Valley of the Kings. It is the most famous site for the unique collections of tombs and breathtaking ancient ruins. That location makes it one of the hottest spots for exploring ancient Egyptian history. Archaeologists have been sweeping the area of the Valley of the Kings for centuries, and till now it continues to surprise them.

The richness of the finds here in the Valley of the Kings has kept archeologists busy for nearly two centuries. If all of the tombs here where open to visitors it would be nearly impossible to actually make it to all of them, but thankfully the possibility of such a huge task is eliminated for you.


Ancient wonders. Hidden treasures. Endless seas and golden sand. Make lifelong memories on our Egypt tours.

Once a land of dynasties and decadence; now a land where time stands still. Our Egypt Journeys sets you in the shadows of history. At the foot of the legendary Great Pyramids. In the heart of the tomb-strewn Valley of the Kings. Or before the mighty temples of Abu Simbel.

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  • 11 Day Cairo & Cruise 7 night

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Q- Where is the Nile River? A-The Nile River’s basin spans across the countries of Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Tanzania. The Nile is composed of two tributaries: the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile, which is the longer of the two, begins at Lake Victoria in Tanzania and flows north until it reaches Khartoum, Sudan, where it converges with the Blue Nile. The Blue Nile begins near Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The Nile River empties into the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt.

Q-What is the historical significance of the Nile River? A-The Nile River was extremely important to settlement patterns in Egypt. The soil surrounding the Nile is very fertile, unlike the arid landscape typical in the rest of the country. The Nile is also featured in a number of Egyptian myths. It became so important to life and culture that it earned the nickname “the father of African rivers.” The river used to flood on a yearly basis, but now the Aswan High Dam, built in the mid-20th century, allows surrounding countries to control the floods.

Q-How long is the Nile River?A-The Nile River is approximately 4,100 miles long and was historically thought to be the longest river in the world. There is plenty of debate surrounding this, however, for many believe the Amazon River in South America might be longer. According to the United States Geological Survey, the Nile is about 100 miles longer than the Amazon.

Q-Why is the Nile River important?A- The most important thing the Nile provided to the Ancient Egyptians was fertile land. Most of Egypt is desert, but along the Nile River the soil is rich and good for growing crops. The three most important crops were wheat, flax, and papyrus.

Q-What are 3 facts about the Nile River?A-Interesting Facts about the Nile river: The Nile River is the longest river in the world, The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea., The Nile has a length of about 6,695 kilometers (4,160 miles), Its average discharge is 3.1 million litres (680,000 gallons) per second.

Q-Where does the Nile River start and stop? A-The River Nile is in Africa. It originates in Burundi, south of the equator, and flows northward through northeastern Africa, eventually flowing through Egypt and finally draining into the Mediterranean Sea.

Q-How deep is the Nile? A-The depth of the Nile ranges from 26 to 36 feet deep. This river spans between 4,130 and 4,190 miles and is considered to be the longest river in the world.

Q-What can you do at the Nile River?A-Must See Nile River Attractions, Pyramids of Giza. Any visit to Egypt is not complete without visiting the pyramids, Abu Simbel, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Aswan, Temple of Edfu, Karnak Temple, Cairo.

Q-What is Nile cruise?A-Boarding a cruise is a wonderful experience but boarding a Nile River cruise is a life-changing experience. Sail on the bloodstream of Egypt and feel the soul of Egypt with our Egypt Nile cruise packages 2020. Begin your journey to discover all the hidden secrets of the ancient Egyptian civilization in Luxor and Aswan.

Q-What do you see on a Nile cruise? A-Nile River Itineraries, You will visit the High Dam, the Unfinished Obelisk and the Temple of Philae in Aswan before docking at Kom Ombo, Edfu and Esna and reaching Luxor. There you'll visit the west bank to see the Valley of the Kings, the Valley of the Queens and the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut.

Q-How much is a Nile cruise? A-Nile cruises offered online or by JOURNEY TO EGYPT start from around $150 per day and that's for 5 star standard cruise ships. Generally these prices include 3 meals a day, plus 10 expert-led shore excursions with a Certified Professional Guides.

Q-Best time for Nile River Cruise?A-Best time for Nile River Cruise? A-The best time to for Nile Cruise is October through April when the temperatures are mild and good weather. However, late spring – Easter Time – is also prime tourist season.

Q-Is it safe to do a Nile Cruise? A-There is no FCO advice against travel to Cairo, Alexandria, the tourist areas along the Nile, and the Red Sea resorts of Sharm el Sheikh and Hurghada. The section of the country between the Nile and the Red Sea is also considered mostly safe.

Q-How long is a Nile Cruise? A-Most Nile cruise itineraries are a 3 night Nile cruise, 4 night Nile Cruise or 7 night Nile cruise. More exotic trips can occasionally stretch from 10 days to two weeks know as Long Nile Cruies

Q-How far is Luxor from Aswan?A-The distance between Luxor and Aswan is 181 km. The road distance is 214.5 km.