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The Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta stone is a dark grey- pinkish originally thought to be basalt in composition, Measure 133cM long, 75cM wide, with writing on it in two languages. Egyptian and Greek, Using three scripts, Hieroglyphic, Demotic Egyptian and Greek. Because Greek was well known, the stone was the key to deciphering the Hieroglyphics.

The Rosetta stone is dated to March 196B-C, in the 9th year of Ptolemy V. the background to the setting up of the Stella was the conformation of the control of the Ptolemaic king over Egypt.

The Ptolemies were Greek who had been ruling Egypt since the division of the Empire of Alexander the Great, and while they built temples in the Egyptian style, their life style and language remained exclusively Greek, Egypt had by now became a multi-cultural society, a mixture of Greek and Egyptian, although in many parts of the country the two rarely met.

In the years preceding the sitting up of the Rosetta stone, control of certain parts of Egypt had been lost to the family of the Ptolemies, and it had taken the Ptolemaic armies some time to put don opposition in the Delta, parts of southern Upper Egypt, particularly Thebes, were not back in the control of the government, it appears that it was decided that the best way to emphasize the legitimacy at the 13 year old.

Ptolemy V in the eyes of the Egyptian elite was to re-emphasize his traditional royal credentials with a coronation ceremony in the city of Memphis, and to affirm his royal cult throughout Egypt, this second aim was done through a series of priestly decrees, of which the Rosetta stone is by far the best-known example.

It is a version of the decree issued at the city of Memphis, other include the Canopus decree in the Egyptian museum in Cairo.

The inscription begins with praise of Ptolemy and then includes an account of the siege of the city of Lycopolis (a town in the Delta) not identified with certainty, and the good deeds done by the king for the temples. The final part of the text describes the decrees over riding purpose, the establishment of the club of the king. It ends with saying that it is to be made known that all the men of Egypt should magnify and honour Ptolemy V, and that the text should be set up in hard stone in three scripts which it still bears today.

French captain Pierre Francois 1772-1832 discovered the stone in the Egyptian port city of Rosetta. (Rashid) on July 1799

Egypt has elevated the process of cultural transformation to whole new levels. The majestic cities of Cairo, Alexandria, Luxor, and Aswan offers the once in a lifetime chance to witness true wonder and magic in their fullest light and if you want to make your experience more memorable then you can board an enchanting Nile cruise on the beating heart of Egypt with our Egypt tours and Egypt travel packages.

FAQ

Q-What are the Must be Visited Places in Egypt? A-The entire country of Egypt deserve to be seen with its every heavenly detail but there are places that must be seen such as the breathtaking Hurghada's red sea, The wonders of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the wonders of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the wonders of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The Wonders of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey's Pillar and Alexandria Library.


Q-What are Egypt's Visa Requirements? A-If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. You could also be one of the lucky ones who can obtain a free visa for 90 days.


Q-What is the Top Traditional Egyptian Food?A-Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish.


Q-What is the Best Time to Visit Egypt?A- The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a bit tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the weather is unsafe and if any changes have been made.


Q-What to Pack for Your Egypt Tour?A-You should pack everything you could ever need and but in a small bag so you could move easily between your destinations.


Q-Evening entertainment on a Nile Cruise? A-Most Nile Cruises have a bar or lounge and will host a galabiyya party, where all are encouraged to dress in the traditional Egyptian men’s robe (sold onboard). Some boats feature local musicians.


Q-Nile Cruise facilities? A-Reception area & Lounge bar with panoramic view | Restaurant located on the lower deck | Swimming pool, bar & Sun deck | Boutique & Jeweler shop |Massage room with charge| Wi Fi with charge| Laundry & dry cleaning facilities with charge| Credit cards are accepted on board.